Introduction to EU-funded Action
In 2010, Peking University Sixth Hospital (PUIMH), in partnership with the NGO Associazione Italiana Amici di Raoul Follereau (AIFO) and the NGO Solidarieta’ e Servizio (SoliS) applied an Action entitled Community based Psychiatry—Promoting the Integration of Mental Health Care into Primary Health Services in Three Districts of China to EU. This Action lasted from Feb. 2011 to Feb. 2014 and got approval from EU on Jan. 2011. The major focus of this Action is to improve community-based mental health service through training to operators involved in community-based service in the three districts, meanwhile to invite the major government officials in the three districts to Beijing to visit Community-based Mental Health Unit (CMHU) and Residential Open Unit (ROU) with the principle of “ Working Together—Support from Peers” and “Self-help and Helping Each Other ”.
PUIMH organized three training courses on community-based service in Jun.2011, Oct. 2011 and Jun. 2012, a total number of 120 operators in mental health field, patients and family members from the mentioned three districts received the training. In Feb. 2013, fifteen government officials and operators participated a ten-day visitation to two Italian cities of Trieste and Brindisy. After three yeas efforts, the community-based mental health service work has been gradually conducted. Governments from different cities provided financial support to establish eighteen CMHUs and seven ROUs.
In 2013, PUIMH, AIFO and SoliS initiated and applied a new Project to EU, and got its approval on Oct. 2013. This Project will be implemented in Yanqing from Beijing, Ha’rbin from Heilongjiang, Tongling from An’hui and Changchun from Jili as pilot areas.
On May.2014, representatives from Peking University Sixth Hospital, Ha’rbin and Yanqing districts went to Trieste and Brindisy in Italy for a forteen-day’s visit.
On July, 2014, PUIMH held a forteen days’ training to Ha’rbin and Yanqing districts, introducing the service concept and model of Italian community-based mental health to districts.
From Oct.8 to 10, Seminar on Seminar on deinstitutionalization concepts on mental health and UNCRPD (United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities) was held in PUIMH, international NGOs, experts from Italy and PUIMH, representatives from four districts attended the seminar and had in-depth discussions on new Mental Health Law, mental health service model and the practices conducted in the four districts.
The Institute of Mental Health (IMH), the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Peking University (also known as the School of Mental Health, Peking University), is an integrated center for psychiatric service, training, and research. It is designated by World Health Organization (WHO) as WHO / Beijing Mental Health Collaborating Center for Research and Training and by Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China-CDC) as the National Center for Mental Health.
Mental health specialty of Peking University was founded in 1942 as the Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Beijing Medical University (now the Peking University Health Science Center).
In 1951, a Mental Hospital affiliated with the First Teaching Hospital of Peking University was founded. The Department of Psychiatry responsible for teaching and research was established in 1954.
The Unit of Neuroelectrophysiology was developed in 1954, and the Unit of Psychobiochemistry in 1962.
In 1966, the Mental Hospital and the Department of Psychiatry were moved to the Third Teaching Hospital of Beijing Medical University.
In March 1980, the Institute of Mental Health of Beijing Medical College was established.
On February 26, 1982 the IMH was designated by the World Health Organization as the first Chinese Collaborating Center for Research and Training.
In February 1987, the Chinese Mental Health Journal was formally issued and affiliated with the IMH.
In 1989, the mental health major was established in the Beijing Medical University. During 1989 to 1999, six waves of students were trained as mental health specialists.
On October 6, 1992 the institute moved into the current address and was entitled the Sixth Hospital of Beijing Medical University.
In 1993, the National Key Laboratory for Mental Health was approved by the Chinese Ministry of Health.
In 1997, the Sixth Hospital of Beijing Medical University was certified at the top 3 level of psychiatric hospitals.
In 1998, the Base for Drug Clinical Trials was approved by the Chinese Ministry of Health.
In April 2000, Peking University and Beijing Medical University merged. The institute and hospital were renamed the Institute of Mental Health and the Sixth Hospital of Peking University.
In December 2001, the Base for Chinese National Continuing Medical Education in Psychiatry was founded in the IMH by the Chinese Ministry of Health.
In February 2002, psychiatry and mental health was approved as one of the key disciplines by the Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China.
In June 2002, the institute was designated as the National Center for Mental Health, China-CDC.
In July 2002, the Clinical Psychology Center of Peking University was set up in the IMH.
In December 2004, the IMH was entitled the School of Mental Health of Peking University.
Bearing ‘Passion for Science, Compassion for People’ in mind, IMH is committed to providing patient care with state-of-the-art technology to reduce the burden of mental disorders on individuals and societies. The inpatient services currently consist of general care units, pediatrics ward, geriatrics ward, clinical psychology ward, special medical service ward, recovery ward, and a full-range intervention center. We also provide services including medication therapy, physical therapy (Modified Electric Convulsive Therapy, repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Electroacupuncture, etc.). Our psychiatric outpatient services include general outpatient services, expert outpatient services, advanced specialty services, multi-expert consultation, as well as special services for eating disorders, addictive behaviors, sleep disorders, memory disorders, behavioral analyses therapy, and psychiatric recovery. The consultation department provides other general hospitals with advices on mental health issues.
The center of clinical psychology is a joint effort of the IMH, the department of psychology, and the division of clinical psychology in the department of medical psychology of Peking University. The center provides crisis intervention, family psychology therapy, psychological therapy for neurosis, subject psychoanalysis, child psychology intervention, etc.
The IMH is designated by the Chinese Food and Drug Administration as a base for clinical trials of psychiatric drugs. So far, hundreds of clinical trials and efficacy tests have been completed.
The IMH periodically holds activities for the Beijing Association for Rehabilitation of Autistic Children, Alcoholics anonymous, relatives of dementia patients, and relatives of schizophrenia patients. The IMH also organizes self-help groups for depression patients, Constructive Living Therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder patients, activities for patients recovering from eating-disorders, etc., in order to help these patients recover faster.
Contacts have been established with foreign embassies and international hospitals. The IMH provides excellent mental health services for residents in all parts of China and for foreigners living in China.
Nursing Services The nursing department of the IMH was established in 1980. Since then, the nursing department has been continuously improving in clinical care, nursing education and research. Guided by scientific administration and the incorporation of modern management theory and clinical care, the nursing department has changed psychiatric care from empirical management towards scientific and modern management.
The IMH carries the patient-centered clinical care, implements full-range nursing services, emphasizes the quality of care and continuous improvement, reinforces communication skills, uses three-level evaluation, in order to understand patients’ changes and needs dynamically and provide patients with effective clinical care, psychological support, and health education. The nursing department emphasizes individualized services to patients in the acute phase as well as functional recovery afterwards. It also introduces new psychiatric recovery theory and methods into clinical care services to enforce patients’ self-management and improve their quality of life.
As the science evolves, the nursing department trains specialty nurses. Currently, there are specialty nurses in geriatric psychiatry, child psychiatry, substance abuse, neurosis, acute psychiatric disorders, psychiatric recovery, psychological care, and Modified Electric Convulsive Therapy.
The IMH provides professional consultation for early intervention, recovery, and home care. It also provides training in returning to the society, daily functions, social interactions, and working skills. The IMH participates in group activities of care-givers of dementia patients, relatives of schizophrenia patients, and psychological education for patients and their relatives. The IMH also edits newspapers on psychiatric recovery and provides psychiatric patients’ relatives with lectures on mental health and home care.
Bearing the “patient as center, care for life” in mind, the IMH nursing team is trying to establish a “scientific, human, caring” nursing brand. The IMH nursing team has proved themselves by their professional appearance, efficient nursing skills, sufficient nursing knowledge, effective communication, and cordial services.
The only National Key Laboratory for Mental Health founded by the Chinese Ministry of Health is located at IMH. Great achievements in scientific research have been made under the leadership and hard work of Prof. Shen Yucun and other distinguished researchers. Under the guidance of Ph.D advisors, Academician Shen Yucun, Prof. Zhou Dongfeng, Prof. Wang Yufeng, Prof. Zhang Dai, Prof. Huang Yueqin, Prof. Yu Xin, and Prof. Si Tianmei, a research team has been organized to come to the top in various fields. The Institute has conducted profound investigations in biological psychiatry, social psychiatry, child psychiatry, and clinical psychiatry. Over the years, the IMH has conducted numerous national-level and internationally collaborative studies and been recognized with many important research awards. Recently, there have also been great advances in nursing research.
In the field of biological psychiatry, the IMH research team has explored the etiology and mechanisms of many common psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, mood disorders, dementia, and autism, using methods of molecular genetics, neurobiochemistry, neuroimaging, neuroelectrophysiology, and psychiatric pharmacology.
In the field of social psychiatry, the IMH research team has invested in finding good instruments for epidemiological studies in China. Our team has also guided and trained research staff from various provinces to conduct epidemiological studies using internationally recognized Composite International Diagnostic Interviews. In addition, our research team has completed the Chinese psychiatric disability standard, dementia screening tools, diagnostic tools for psychiatric disorders and intervention strategies for care givers of dementia patients. The IMH has established the network for training in suicide prevention, conducted clinical trials using rTMS, carried out community-based surveys on personality disorders and internet use, and organized intervention research on PTSD.
In the field of child psychiatry, the IMH focused on the etiology and treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and conduct problems. Clinical research includes studies on autism and child schizophrenia. The IMH has carried out many research projects funded by the Chinese Ministry of Health, Chinese Ministry of Education, and Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology. The IMH has made great contributions with respect to the etiology, clinical evaluation, and treatment in the above areas.
In the field of clinical psychiatry, the IMH has been focused on psychiatric drugs, the application of therapeutic theory into practice, and clinical research on common psychiatric disorders. These studies include research on biomarkers and the early treatment of geriatric psychiatric disorders, early detection and intervention of schizophrenia, treatment and intervention of alcohol dependence and eating disorders, psychological and behavioral studies on HIV/AIDS-related psychiatric disorders, as well as studies on mental health strategies and policies.
Education and Training Following the outstanding academic tradition of Peking University, IMH provides high quality education at various levels for undergraduates, graduates, and post-doctoral fellows. In 2002, IMH was approved to be the teaching facility dedicated for Chinese National Continuing Medical Education in Psychiatry. Every year, the IMH holds numerous training classes and provides various types of talents around China. As the only WHO Mental Health Collaborating Center for Research and Training and the only first-wave teaching facility dedicated for Chinese National Continuing Medical Education in Psychiatry, the IMH kept up with the psychiatric professional training programs around the world. At the same time, the IMH has been exploring new methods for the Chinese clinical training in psychiatry, establishing brand training programs, organizing the committee for the national qualification of medical skill, and participating in projects related to the development of national regulations of medical training.
As the number of graduate students increases every year, the IMH has more than a hundred graduate students currently, making them an indispensible part of the IMH clinical and research team. Every year, the IMH provides tens of master and doctoral graduates to various parts of China. Many of these IMH alumni have become leaders in their own institutions.
As early as 1980, the beginning of the nation’s economic reform, Prof. Shen Yucun realized that learning from international colleagues is the most effective way for rapid development of psychiatry in China. Under her leadership, great progress has been made which increases not only our academic standards but also the visibility of IMH. In 1980, collaboration was established between IMH and WHO. Subsequently, in 1982 IMH was designated by WHO to be its Beijing Mental Health Collaborating Center for Research and Training. We have successfully hosted several international academic conferences, including the First International Conference of Morita Therapy (1995), the Regional Meeting of World Psychiatric Association (1997), the International Psychogeriatric Association-Beijing Joint Meeting (1999), the Collegium International Neuro-Psychopharmacologicum (CINP) Asia-Pacific Regional Meeting (2004), and more recently, the first World Congress on Cultural Psychiatry (2006).
The solid friendship developed during these activities has helped us to bridge with the international community and bring advanced information and technology to China. This friendship also brought the IMH valuable opportunities for collaboration and support. Now our employees have been given the opportunity to know the trend of development in psychiatry around the world. In turn, they can observe the current situation in China from an evolving perspective. “Is it not delightful to have friends coming from far away?” said Confucius thousands of years ago. “When I walk along with two others, they may serve me as my teachers”. This ancient wisdom has been the best annotation of our attitude toward international communication.
Public Health Services
As the government has raised its attention on the public mental health, on July 7, 2002 the Chinese Ministry of Health approved the establishment of the National Center for Mental Health, China-CDC affiliated with the IMH.
Since 2002, the IMH has contributed academic insight and support in various important regulations and rules in the field of mental health. In order to provide better support for public mental health services and research, the IMH integrated internal resources and established the department of public health. Since 2004, the National Center for Mental Health has been carrying out the project “government-supplemented treatment for local severe mental disorders,” the largest project on mental health service reform. The center has been taking the responsibility of the study design, study organization, training, coordination, and evaluation. The aim is to develop the concept of patient-center mental health services, form the hospital-based mental health services in communities, reinforce the development of local mental health services, and include severe psychiatric disorders into basic public health services. In addition, the center has collaborated with researchers from the United States, Australia, Norway, the United Nations, WHO, and the World Psychiatric Association, and made great contributions in response to crises during recent years.
Current Directors of our Institute/Hospital
Director: Lu Lin, Doctor of Medicine (M. D.), professor and doctoral student supervisor
Party Secretary: Wang Xiangqun, chief physician, graduate student tutor
Deputy Director: Dong Wentian, associate chief physician
Deputy Party Secretary: Liu Jing, chief physician, graduate student tutor
Deputy Director: Yao Guizhong, Doctor of Medicine (M. D.), chief physician, graduate student tutor
Deputy Director: Guo Yanqing, Doctor of Medicine (M. D.), associate chief physician， associate professor
Address: No. 51 Hua Yuan Bei Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, P. R. CHINA
Tel: 86-10-82801939/1936 Fax: 86-10-62026310
Website: www.pkuh6.cn Email: email@example.com